September 30, 2022

Theology. People were historically created in the image and likeness of God (Genesis 1: 26-27) but due to the historic Fall (Genesis 3) sin corrupted mankind and so by way of generation and imputation all people are sinners. From conception, people are sinners. The person in the womb of the mother can die, which evidences the corruption of the baby, i.e. the wages of sin is death (Romans 6:23). All people are corrupted in body and soul - the whole person. So how can anybody know and love anything truly? How can anybody truly know their self? How can any corrupted sinner truly know and adore God who is perfectly pure and has no corruption?

Christians are people who believe the shed blood (Ephesians 1:7) and eternal worth (Revelation 4:9-11) of Christ, who is the one and only unique God-man, redeemed a people: this is the gospel message. To be redeemed, God gives the gift of faith to a people (Ephesians 2:8-10), and those people, now with faith, by faith respond favorably to God's gospel message of Jesus Christ. God declares in the message they are pardoned of their sin and are no longer considered guilty before God. The Christian, who has by faith favorably responded to God's message of Christ and what Christ did for them, no longer will be punished for their sin because Christ took the punishment in their place; He took it for them, even though the Christian deserves the punishment. All of this is God's redeeming work or work of salvation. At this point, the Christian has been forgiven but God's redemptive work is not over yet.

The Christian believes Christ suffered and died on the cross over 2000 years ago for him or her, that is when Christ took the punishment the Christian deserves. Yet, God's work of salvation also includes not only the pardon (forgiveness) of sin and guilt, but God cleanses and renews who he or she is: their whole person. The Christian is renewed (Ephesians 4:21-24; Colossians 3:8-10) by the salvation work of God throughout their life to be completed at Christ's return (1 Corinthians 15:42-43; Philippians 3:20-21). Christians do not do what is right to be saved, but Christians do what is right because they are saved.

There is so much I said above that could be unpacked and defined. First off, what does it mean the Christian does what is right? What is theology? What does "created image and likeness of God" mean? What does it mean our created image of God is renewed during our salvation? How is Christ both God and man? Then there's faith and how faith not only means consent to and knowledge of Christ, but faith also means obeying the commands of Christ. The Christian puts their trust (faith) in the historic work of Christ saving a people by His death on the cross and resurrection three days later. The Christian puts their trust (again faith) in what Christ teaches on how to live a good life now that the Christian has been saved by the redemptive work of Christ and has therefore been given eternal life (Romans 6:23). There is much more to say on these matters, but I will be unable to in just this one post.

Since Theology is the name of this series of posts (so technically this post is: Theology. Part 1.), I will provide a very simplistic definition of theology, but put off a more extension review of "theology" to a future Part. True theology is a revelation. Theology consists of what God has not revealed to man, though this kind of theology is known (revealed) to God. So even though we do not know about this theology what we do know is that it exists (Deuteronomy 29:29); it is important to point this out because a theology only God possesses demonstrates God and His ways cannot fully and exhaustively be comprehended by a person. The revelation God does reveal by His Word had been written and is known by various names such as the Bible, Scripture, or God's written Word. The Bible is the theology God Himself had revealed and had man write for posterity, specifically a blessing for His church (gathered worshippers/believers). Theology is understood by faith in the reading and preaching from the Bible where God by His Word and Holy Spirit renews the person in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness.

As I said, that is the simplistic definition of theology and it is already some meaty stuff. Thus instead, I want to take a little more time in conclusion to write upon what is not original to me (none of what I write in these posts on Theology are original to me) but what Christians throughout Church History have adored and worshipped, including in the Old Testament era; I want to share from Scripture who God is.

The aseity of God (Acts 17:24-25; Job 22:2; Romans 11:33; Exodus 3:14); God is independent and is. His aseity means He is self-contained and originates from nothing for He is self-sustaining. Everything created dependents on God. We live, move, and exist because of God (Acts 17:28). God Himself needs nobody nor anything. He just is.

There is no change in God. Not in Him, not in His Word, and not in His works. God is immutable (Malachi 3:6; Hebrews 6:17; Ephesians 1:11). What He did and does never is changed, deterred, or thwarted. Everything created changes. God never changes.

God is infinite, so is not bound by time; He is eternal (Deuteronomy 33:27; 1 Timothy 1:17; Jeremiah 10:10). God's infinity is omnipresent, so is not bound by space (1 Kings 8:27; Job 11:7-10). God is uncreated and is therefore not defined by His creation.

Lastly, God's Unity is singular, in other words, He is one (Deuteronomy 4:35; 6:4; Mark 12:29; 1 Corinthians 8:4). There are no other gods but Him and He is one God. God's Unity is therefore also simple; He is wholly and completely everything He is (1 John 1:5; 4:16; Isaiah 60:19; 57:15; Ezra 8:18). Due to God's simplicity: He is 100% aseity, 100% immutable, 100% infinite, 100% love, 100% justice, 100% mercy, etc. Created things have parts. A person is made up of different parts and has arms, legs, head, etc. Rocks have different mineral compositions. God has no parts but is simply: wholly, completely, and undividedly who He is.

He is much more as written in Scripture, for He is a Spirit, Knowledge, Righteous, Love, Good, and Holy, etc. God is the Creator and Redeemer. There is only one God with three distinct and inseparable Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Nicene Creed (AD 325, 381) and Definition of Chalcedonian (AD 451) are not the perfect Word of God (Bible) but are good, public summaries of what the Church has been testifying and witnessing as written in Scripture since Adam and Eve were first created and all generations of believers thereafter to this day - Jesus Christ. The Church's testimony and witness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ is wonderfully written about in Hebrews and 1 Peter as follows:

Hebrews 1:1-2a, "God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son..."

1 Peter 1:10- ,"Of this salvation the prophets have inquired and searched carefully, who prophesied of the grace that would come to you, searching what, or what manner of time, the Spirit of Christ who was in them was indicating when He testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow. To them it was revealed that, not to themselves, but to us they were ministering the things which now have been reported to you through those who have preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven - things which angels desire to look into."

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